Fibroids are round or oval nodules that grow inside the uterus. These nodules range in size from small, one millimeter tumors to larger, ten-centimeter tumors. The tumors may be located in the uterine wall or on the outer surface. They are often benign, but they can be a source of pain.
Typically, fibroids are detected during a pelvic exam. If the provider notices an irregular lump during the abdominal exam, she or he may order an ultrasound. An ultrasound is a technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce images of the uterus. Using this method, the doctor can determine the position of the fibroid and its size.
Although fibroids are very common, most women with them have no symptoms. The size and location of the tumor can be determined by ultrasound, and some of them can be treated nonsurgically. However, some fibroids may need to be surgically removed. Surgical treatment depends on the size and severity of the fibroid, and whether or not the woman has other health problems.
While most women with fibroids do not experience symptoms, some may find that they are painful and causing irregular bleeding. Some will also experience a decrease in blood flow to their vagina. In these cases, the patient may be advised to use birth control, such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) or oral contraceptives, to control bleeding.
If the Gynaecologist Melbourne doctor suspects that the fibroid is a tumor that has spread to the abdomen, he or she may order an MRI or laparoscopy. During a laparoscopy, the doctor will see the uterus and other pelvic organs with a camera. He or she will also feel the uterus for any irregularities.
If the fibroid is large enough to prevent the baby from flipping into the right position, it is referred to as a “breech birth.” Large fibroids can also increase the risk of preterm delivery and malpresentation of the fetal head. A hysterectomy is the most common surgical procedure for removing a large fibroid. It is performed through an incision in the abdomen.
Uterine fibroids are common in pregnancy. The growth of fibroids is usually triggered by high levels of hormones in the body during pregnancy. However, fibroids can also be caused by factors other than pregnancy. Many women don’t even know they have fibroids until they have a pelvic ultrasound scan.
When a woman has a large fibroid, she may have bulk symptoms. This includes constipation, an increase in urination, and a feeling of a lump in her uterus. Generally, women with fibroids have an uneventful pregnancy. But, some patients may encounter complications, such as premature labor or postpartum hemorrhage.
Treatments for fibroids are individualized, depending on the patient’s age, medical history, and symptoms. Birth control, dietary changes, and pain relief medications are all possible treatments. Other options include a minimally invasive procedure such as a myomectomy or an Accessa(tm) procedure.
For more information on fibroid treatment, visit the Mayo Clinic. There, you can get free health information and expert advice on how to manage your health.